The Fieseler Fi developed and tested at Peenemunde research center for the German Air Force during the World War II became the first long-range guided . On June 13, , Nazi Germany unleashed a new type of weapon: The Fieseler Fi “flying bomb,” a small, pilotless, medium-range cruise missile. Late in the war several piloted V-1s were built. The plan was that a pilot would guide the missile into position close to its target and bail out at the last moment.

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The Fi was reappraised and was adopted for the project as it seemed to offer the pilot a slim chance of surviving. In latewhile employed by the Argus Motoren company, Fritz Gosslau began work on the further development of remote-controlled aircraft; Argus had already developed a remote-controlled surveillance aircraft, the AS military designation FZG InBell Labs f delivery of an anti-aircraft predictor fire-control system based on an analogue computerjust in time for the Allied invasion of Europe.

While the British decided how to react, Pujol played for time.

The Fieseler Fi (V1) German “Buzz Bomb” | The Museum of Flight

The British defence against the German long-range weapons was Operation Crossbow. Although they did not demolish buildings or deep structures as effectively as the air-dropped bombs, or the deep-burying V-2, their blast effects were almost all fj at the surface and caused many casualties.

Flight capabilities were rudimentary and only required the most basic of handling. US Airforce Tactical Missiles: Yet, 6, deaths, 40, injuries and 75, destroyed homes were attributed to the use of “buzz bombs,” as they became known in England for their sputtering sound. There were plans, not put into practice, to use the Arado Ar jet bomber to launch V-1s either by towing them aloft or by launching them from a “piggy back” position in the manner of the Mistelbut in reverse atop the aircraft.


Lloyd, Clement John; Hall, Richard, eds. Fuzing was by a triple fuze system. An odometer driven by a vane anemometer on the nose determined when the target area had been reached, accurately enough for area bombing. Three air nozzles in the front of the pulsejet were at the same time connected to an external high-pressure air source that was used to start the engine. This was so successful that fiese,er other aircraft in Wing were thus modified.

Fieseler Fi 103R Reichenberg – Desperate Times, Desperate Measures in 1944

Frustrated by increasing Allied dominance in the air, Germany also employed V1s to attack the 13 forward airfields, such as Volkel, in the Netherlands. Some of the “flying fuel tanks” used in trials utilised a cumbersome fixed and spatted undercarriage arrangement, which along with being pointless merely increased the drag and stability problems already inherent in the design. Height of madness in the end as the design was a deathtrap but an interesting page in fiwseler none the less!

Wright Field technical personnel reverse-engineered the V-1 from the remains of one that had failed to detonate in Britain. For Allied intelligence activities and German counterintelligence regarding the flying bomb, see V-1 and V-2 Intelligence. A final proposal for the project was submitted to the Technical Office of the RLM on 5 June and the project was renamed Fias Fieseler was to be the chief contractor. fieeseler

Fieseler Fi R (Reichenberg) Pilot-Guided Suicide Fighter – Nazi Germany

For the song by the Dead Kennedys, see Buzzbomb song. Richard Smith; Eddie J. Wikimedia Commons has media related to V The result was the creation of the JB-2 Loon.


A powerful kilogram warhead was packed into the nose assembly making for one inexpensive and easy-to-produce terror weapon.

Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Argus As Pulsejet. The idea itself stemmed from a proposal that looked into delivering these suicide missiles from the underbelly of an advancing bomber.

This was very insightful. Fighter aircraft required excellent low altitude performance to intercept them and enough firepower to ensure that they were destroyed in the air rather than crashing to earth and detonating. Electrical impact fuze Backup mechanical impact fuze Time fuze to prevent examination of duds.

The attacks on Antwerp and Brussels began in Octoberwith the last V-1 launched against Antwerp on 30 March The main fuzes were an electrical impact fuze and a mechanical backup impact fuze. Fieseler aircraft German attack aircraft — Single-engined jet aircraft Pulsejet-powered aircraft Mid-wing aircraft Suicide weapons World War II ground attack aircraft of Germany.

There were numerous crashes during test flights and even famed test pilot Hanna Reitsch crashed them on a number of occasions. Antwerp was recognised by both the German and Allied high command as a very important port, essential to the further progression of Allied armies into Germany. The CT 10 could be ground-launched using solid rocket boosters or air-launched from a LeO 45 bomber.